Research Article

Karyotype characterization of two populations of Vernonia geminata (Asteraceae, Vernonieae) using banding and FISH techniques

Published: December 06, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (4) : 4204-4212 DOI: 10.4238/2012.September.25.1

Abstract

In order to extend our knowledge concerning karyotypes of the genus Vernonia, we applied various techniques of chromosome banding, including AgNOR and triple staining with the fluorochromes CMA/DA/DAPI (CDD), and of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for the 45S rDNA probe to specimens of two populations of Vernonia geminata collected from an open-pasture area, in southern Brazil. B chromosomes were observed in one of the populations. Both populations of V. geminata presented a pair of CMA3+ terminal bands and one pair of chromosomes with terminal AgNOR banding. The FISH evidenced, in one population, two pairs of small sites of 45S rDNA; these being two small terminal sites and two centromeric sites. In the other population, there was only one pair of small terminal sites and two sites in two B chromosomes, one in each chromosome. There was coincidence of localization between CMA+ and NOR bands with one of the small terminal sites of 45S rDNA of one chromosome of the normal complement, but not in B chromosomes.

In order to extend our knowledge concerning karyotypes of the genus Vernonia, we applied various techniques of chromosome banding, including AgNOR and triple staining with the fluorochromes CMA/DA/DAPI (CDD), and of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for the 45S rDNA probe to specimens of two populations of Vernonia geminata collected from an open-pasture area, in southern Brazil. B chromosomes were observed in one of the populations. Both populations of V. geminata presented a pair of CMA3+ terminal bands and one pair of chromosomes with terminal AgNOR banding. The FISH evidenced, in one population, two pairs of small sites of 45S rDNA; these being two small terminal sites and two centromeric sites. In the other population, there was only one pair of small terminal sites and two sites in two B chromosomes, one in each chromosome. There was coincidence of localization between CMA+ and NOR bands with one of the small terminal sites of 45S rDNA of one chromosome of the normal complement, but not in B chromosomes.