Research Article

RAPD analysis of genetic diversity and population structure of Elymus sibiricus (Poaceae) native to the southeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China

Published: August 16, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (3) : 2708-2718 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.June.27.5
Cite this Article:
(2012). RAPD analysis of genetic diversity and population structure of Elymus sibiricus (Poaceae) native to the southeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. Genet. Mol. Res. 11(3): gmr1953. https://doi.org/10.4238/2012.June.27.5
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Abstract

Genetic diversity of Elymus sibiricus (Poaceae) was examined in eight populations from the southeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. We detected 291 RAPD polymorphic loci in 93 samples. The percentage of polymorphic bands (PPB) was 79%. Genetic diversity (HE) was 0.264, effective number of alleles (NE) was 1.444, Shannon’s information index (HO) was 0.398, and expected Bayesian heterozygosity (HB) was 0.371. At the population level, PPB = 51%, NE = 1.306, HE = 0.176, I = 0.263, and HB = 0.247. A high level of genetic differentiation was detected based on Nei’s genetic diversity analysis (GST = 32.0%), Shannon’s index analysis (33.7%), and the Bayesian method (θB = 33.5%). The partitioning of molecular variance by AMOVA demonstrated significant genetic differentiation within populations (60%) and among populations (40%). The average number of individuals exchanged between populations per generation (Nm) was 1.06. The populations were found to share high levels of genetic identity. No significant correlation was found between geographic distance and pairwise genetic distance (r = 0.7539, P = 0.9996). Correlation analysis revealed a significant correlation (r = 0.762) between RAPD HE found in this study and ISSR HE values from a previous study.

Genetic diversity of Elymus sibiricus (Poaceae) was examined in eight populations from the southeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. We detected 291 RAPD polymorphic loci in 93 samples. The percentage of polymorphic bands (PPB) was 79%. Genetic diversity (HE) was 0.264, effective number of alleles (NE) was 1.444, Shannon’s information index (HO) was 0.398, and expected Bayesian heterozygosity (HB) was 0.371. At the population level, PPB = 51%, NE = 1.306, HE = 0.176, I = 0.263, and HB = 0.247. A high level of genetic differentiation was detected based on Nei’s genetic diversity analysis (GST = 32.0%), Shannon’s index analysis (33.7%), and the Bayesian method (θB = 33.5%). The partitioning of molecular variance by AMOVA demonstrated significant genetic differentiation within populations (60%) and among populations (40%). The average number of individuals exchanged between populations per generation (Nm) was 1.06. The populations were found to share high levels of genetic identity. No significant correlation was found between geographic distance and pairwise genetic distance (r = 0.7539, P = 0.9996). Correlation analysis revealed a significant correlation (r = 0.762) between RAPD HE found in this study and ISSR HE values from a previous study.