Short Communication

Differential expression analysis of porcine MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 genes in adipose tissues

Published: May 09, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (2) : 1254-1259 DOI: 10.4238/2012.May.9.4

Abstract

Malate dehydrogenases 1 and 2 (MDH1 and MDH2), and malic enzyme 1 (ME1) play important roles in the Krebs cycle for energy metabolism. The mRNA abundance changes of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 genes were measured across six different adipose tissues from the leaner Landrace and fatty Rongchang pig breeds using quantitative real-time PCR. The mRNA of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 was more abundant in fatty Rongchang pigs than in leaner Landrace pigs. In both breeds, females exhibited higher adipocyte volume and mRNA abundance of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 compared with males. These values were higher in the subcutaneous adipose tissue compared with visceral adipose tissue. Furthermore, mRNA abundance changes of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 have the remarked significant positive correlation with adipocyte volume across the six adipose tissue types. We conclude that there are breed-, gender- and tissue-specific expression patterns of ME1, MDH1 and MDH2, which highlight their potential as candidate genes for selecting for fat volume in pigs.

Malate dehydrogenases 1 and 2 (MDH1 and MDH2), and malic enzyme 1 (ME1) play important roles in the Krebs cycle for energy metabolism. The mRNA abundance changes of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 genes were measured across six different adipose tissues from the leaner Landrace and fatty Rongchang pig breeds using quantitative real-time PCR. The mRNA of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 was more abundant in fatty Rongchang pigs than in leaner Landrace pigs. In both breeds, females exhibited higher adipocyte volume and mRNA abundance of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 compared with males. These values were higher in the subcutaneous adipose tissue compared with visceral adipose tissue. Furthermore, mRNA abundance changes of MDH1, MDH2 and ME1 have the remarked significant positive correlation with adipocyte volume across the six adipose tissue types. We conclude that there are breed-, gender- and tissue-specific expression patterns of ME1, MDH1 and MDH2, which highlight their potential as candidate genes for selecting for fat volume in pigs.