Research Article

A novel polymorphism of the myogenin gene is associated with body measurement traits in native Chinese breeds

Published: November 04, 2011
Genet. Mol. Res. 10 (4) : 2721-2728 DOI: 10.4238/2011.November.4.6

Abstract

Using PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing technology, we examined the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the bovine MyoG gene with body measurement traits in 779 individuals of six native Chinese cattle breeds, namely Luxi, Luxi × Simmental crossbred, Nanyang, Xia’nan, Jiaxian red, and Qinchuan. A novel SNP, T314C, was detected. Allelic frequencies of MyoG-T/C in the six breeds were 0.8308/0.1692, 0.8774/0.1226, 0.8021/0.1979, 0.8209/0.1791, 0.8630/0.1370, 0.8044/0.1956, respectively. Least squares analysis revealed a significant (P MyoG SNP with rump length in four breeds (Luxi, Xia’nan, Jiaxian red, and Qinchuan), with hucklebone width in three breeds (Luxi × Simmental crossbred, Nanyang and Xia’nan), with waist height in two breeds (Luxi × Simmental crossbred and Nanyang) and with body length in the Luxi breed. We conclude that the MyoG SNP has potential as a genetic marker for economically relevant body measurement traits in native Chinese cattle breeds.

Using PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing technology, we examined the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the bovine MyoG gene with body measurement traits in 779 individuals of six native Chinese cattle breeds, namely Luxi, Luxi × Simmental crossbred, Nanyang, Xia’nan, Jiaxian red, and Qinchuan. A novel SNP, T314C, was detected. Allelic frequencies of MyoG-T/C in the six breeds were 0.8308/0.1692, 0.8774/0.1226, 0.8021/0.1979, 0.8209/0.1791, 0.8630/0.1370, 0.8044/0.1956, respectively. Least squares analysis revealed a significant (P MyoG SNP with rump length in four breeds (Luxi, Xia’nan, Jiaxian red, and Qinchuan), with hucklebone width in three breeds (Luxi × Simmental crossbred, Nanyang and Xia’nan), with waist height in two breeds (Luxi × Simmental crossbred and Nanyang) and with body length in the Luxi breed. We conclude that the MyoG SNP has potential as a genetic marker for economically relevant body measurement traits in native Chinese cattle breeds.

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