Research Article

Easy detection of green fluorescent protein multicopy transformants in Penicillium griseoroseum

Published: December 21, 2004
Genet. Mol. Res. 3 (4) : 449-455

Abstract

Penicillium griseoroseum, a deuteromycete fungus producer of pectinolytic enzymes, was transformed with a gene encoding for green fluorescent protein (GFP). The selection of transformants was based on the homologous nitrate reductase gene (niaD). Protoplasts of a P. griseoroseum Nia mutant (PG63) were co-transformed with the plasmids pNPG1 and pAN52-1-GFP. The plasmid pNPG-1 carries the homologous niaD gene and pAN52-1-GFP carries the SGFP-TYG version of GFP. The highest transformation efficiency (102 transformants/µg of pNPG1) resulted from the utilization of equimolar amounts of transforming and co-transforming vectors. Analysis of pAN52-1-GFP insertions into the genomic DNA of the transformants revealed single and multiple copy integrations. The transformants possessing a single copy of the gfp gene showed a low level of fluorescence, whereas multicopy transformants displayed strong fluorescence under visualization with fluorescent light. The transformants showing high expression of the gfp gene had the normal mycelia pigmentation altered, displaying a bright green-yellowish color, visible with the naked eye on the plates, without the aid of any kind of fluorescent light or special filter set.

Penicillium griseoroseum, a deuteromycete fungus producer of pectinolytic enzymes, was transformed with a gene encoding for green fluorescent protein (GFP). The selection of transformants was based on the homologous nitrate reductase gene (niaD). Protoplasts of a P. griseoroseum Nia mutant (PG63) were co-transformed with the plasmids pNPG1 and pAN52-1-GFP. The plasmid pNPG-1 carries the homologous niaD gene and pAN52-1-GFP carries the SGFP-TYG version of GFP. The highest transformation efficiency (102 transformants/µg of pNPG1) resulted from the utilization of equimolar amounts of transforming and co-transforming vectors. Analysis of pAN52-1-GFP insertions into the genomic DNA of the transformants revealed single and multiple copy integrations. The transformants possessing a single copy of the gfp gene showed a low level of fluorescence, whereas multicopy transformants displayed strong fluorescence under visualization with fluorescent light. The transformants showing high expression of the gfp gene had the normal mycelia pigmentation altered, displaying a bright green-yellowish color, visible with the naked eye on the plates, without the aid of any kind of fluorescent light or special filter set.

Download: