Research Article

Coagulation factor III (tissue factor) is required for vascularization in zebrafish embryos

Published: October 31, 2011
Genet. Mol. Res. 10 (4) : 4147-4157 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2011.October.31.2
Cite this Article:
(2011). Coagulation factor III (tissue factor) is required for vascularization in zebrafish embryos. Genet. Mol. Res. 10(4): gmr1330. https://doi.org/10.4238/2011.October.31.2
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Abstract

Tissue factor (coagulation factor III) is a cell surface receptor for coagulation factor VII/VIIa; it was initially recognized as an initiator of the extrinsic coagulation pathway. Recently, the zebrafish tissue factor gene (TF) has been cloned. Paralogs encode coagulation factors IIIa and IIIb; both show remarkable sequence identity to the human and mouse coagulation factor III gene. It has been reported that TF could have additional properties that are essential for normal embryonic development, since knockout of the murine coagulation factor III gene resulted in 90% embryonic lethality. We examined the role of coagulation factor IIIb (f3b) during zebrafish embryonic development. Expression analysis revealed that endogenous f3b was chronologically expressed in the pectoral fins and in the vicinity of the pharynx. Knockout of f3b by injection of an f3b morpholino at the one-to-two cell stage caused distinctive morphological defects in embryos, including edema in the fourth brain ventricle at early embryonic stages and occasional bleeding at later stages. Furthermore, f3b morphants displayed abnormal vascular patterning. We conclude that f3b is required for brain vascular development and for development of part of the somatic vasculature during embryogenesis in the zebrafish.

Tissue factor (coagulation factor III) is a cell surface receptor for coagulation factor VII/VIIa; it was initially recognized as an initiator of the extrinsic coagulation pathway. Recently, the zebrafish tissue factor gene (TF) has been cloned. Paralogs encode coagulation factors IIIa and IIIb; both show remarkable sequence identity to the human and mouse coagulation factor III gene. It has been reported that TF could have additional properties that are essential for normal embryonic development, since knockout of the murine coagulation factor III gene resulted in 90% embryonic lethality. We examined the role of coagulation factor IIIb (f3b) during zebrafish embryonic development. Expression analysis revealed that endogenous f3b was chronologically expressed in the pectoral fins and in the vicinity of the pharynx. Knockout of f3b by injection of an f3b morpholino at the one-to-two cell stage caused distinctive morphological defects in embryos, including edema in the fourth brain ventricle at early embryonic stages and occasional bleeding at later stages. Furthermore, f3b morphants displayed abnormal vascular patterning. We conclude that f3b is required for brain vascular development and for development of part of the somatic vasculature during embryogenesis in the zebrafish.

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