Research Article

Association of -619C/T polymorphism in CDSN gene and psoriasis risk: a meta-analysis

Published: December 08, 2011
Genet. Mol. Res. 10 (4) : 3632-3640 DOI: 10.4238/2011.October.21.6

Abstract

Previous studies investigating the association between corneodesmosin (CDSN) polymorphisms and psoriasis risk have provided inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to clarify the effects of CDSN -619C/T polymorphism on psoriasis risk by conducting a meta-analysis. We conducted searches of the published literature in Pubmed and Embase databases up to October 2010. Six studies with a total of 842 psoriasis cases and 981 healthy controls were retrieved. Statistical analysis was performed with the programs Review Manager (version 5.0.24) and Stata (version 9.2). Meta-analysis results showed that there was no significant difference in CDSN -619C/T genotype distribution between psoriasis and control in the comparisons of C allele vs T allele, CC vs CT + TT, CC + CT vs TT, CC vs TT, and CC vs CT (respectively: OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 0.82-2.00, P = 0.28; OR = 1.33, 95%CI = 0.80-2.21, P = 0.28; OR = 1.23, 95%CI = 0.80-1.91, P = 0.35; OR = 1.41, 95%CI = 0.64-3.12, P = 0.40; OR = 1.30, 95%CI = 0.81-2.06, P = 0.27). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, results also showed no significant association between CDSN -619C/T polymorphism and susceptibility to psoriasis in both Caucasian and Asian populations. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that CDSN -619C/T polymorphism may not be associated with susceptibility to psoriasis.

Previous studies investigating the association between corneodesmosin (CDSN) polymorphisms and psoriasis risk have provided inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to clarify the effects of CDSN -619C/T polymorphism on psoriasis risk by conducting a meta-analysis. We conducted searches of the published literature in Pubmed and Embase databases up to October 2010. Six studies with a total of 842 psoriasis cases and 981 healthy controls were retrieved. Statistical analysis was performed with the programs Review Manager (version 5.0.24) and Stata (version 9.2). Meta-analysis results showed that there was no significant difference in CDSN -619C/T genotype distribution between psoriasis and control in the comparisons of C allele vs T allele, CC vs CT + TT, CC + CT vs TT, CC vs TT, and CC vs CT (respectively: OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 0.82-2.00, P = 0.28; OR = 1.33, 95%CI = 0.80-2.21, P = 0.28; OR = 1.23, 95%CI = 0.80-1.91, P = 0.35; OR = 1.41, 95%CI = 0.64-3.12, P = 0.40; OR = 1.30, 95%CI = 0.81-2.06, P = 0.27). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, results also showed no significant association between CDSN -619C/T polymorphism and susceptibility to psoriasis in both Caucasian and Asian populations. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that CDSN -619C/T polymorphism may not be associated with susceptibility to psoriasis.