Research Article

Esterase polymorphisms for analysis of genetic diversity and structure of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars

Published: October 13, 2011
Genet. Mol. Res. 10 (4) : 2472-2481 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2011.October.13.4
Cite this Article:
(2011). Esterase polymorphisms for analysis of genetic diversity and structure of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Genet. Mol. Res. 10(4): gmr1057. https://doi.org/10.4238/2011.October.13.4
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Abstract

We used native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to identify polymorphism levels in a- and b-esterase loci from leaf tissues of Brazilian soybean cultivars for the analysis of population genetic diversity and structure, and to investigate relationships between conventional and genetically modified cultivars. The cultivars included lines developed by a soybean-grower cooperative (CD), by EMBRAPA (BR), and “Roundup Ready” (RR) cultivars. Esterase isozymes recorded with α-naphthyl acetate and β-naphthyl acetate were produced from 14 loci. Two to three allelic variants were detected in leaves from 420 plants of 21 CD, BR, and RR cultivars at Est-1, Est-2, Est-3, Est-5, and Est-14 loci. The estimated proportion of polymorphic loci in CD cultivars was 21.4%, and in BR and RR cultivars it was 28.6%. High and low HO and HE values were observed within CD and BR cultivars and a very high cultivar differentiation level was evident in the plants of the 21 CD, BR, and RR cultivars (FST = 0.3865). A low level of differentiation (FST = 0.0289) was detected between conventional and RR cultivars. Plants from cultivar BR37 had the highest level of genetic differentiation compared to the other cultivars. The genetic basis of BR cultivars (0.5538-0.9748) was found to be broader than the genetic basis of CD cultivars (0.7058 for CD205 and CD209 and 0.9995 for CD205 and CD208). Higher genetic identity was detected between plants of CD and CDRR cultivars (I = 0.9816). Understanding the genetic structure of these populations can help provide specific culture strategies for each cultivar, depending on its level of heterozygosity.

We used native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to identify polymorphism levels in a- and b-esterase loci from leaf tissues of Brazilian soybean cultivars for the analysis of population genetic diversity and structure, and to investigate relationships between conventional and genetically modified cultivars. The cultivars included lines developed by a soybean-grower cooperative (CD), by EMBRAPA (BR), and “Roundup Ready” (RR) cultivars. Esterase isozymes recorded with α-naphthyl acetate and β-naphthyl acetate were produced from 14 loci. Two to three allelic variants were detected in leaves from 420 plants of 21 CD, BR, and RR cultivars at Est-1, Est-2, Est-3, Est-5, and Est-14 loci. The estimated proportion of polymorphic loci in CD cultivars was 21.4%, and in BR and RR cultivars it was 28.6%. High and low HO and HE values were observed within CD and BR cultivars and a very high cultivar differentiation level was evident in the plants of the 21 CD, BR, and RR cultivars (FST = 0.3865). A low level of differentiation (FST = 0.0289) was detected between conventional and RR cultivars. Plants from cultivar BR37 had the highest level of genetic differentiation compared to the other cultivars. The genetic basis of BR cultivars (0.5538-0.9748) was found to be broader than the genetic basis of CD cultivars (0.7058 for CD205 and CD209 and 0.9995 for CD205 and CD208). Higher genetic identity was detected between plants of CD and CDRR cultivars (I = 0.9816). Understanding the genetic structure of these populations can help provide specific culture strategies for each cultivar, depending on its level of heterozygosity.